Reuben, Israel’s first-born. Descendants of Reuben: [Of] Enoch, the clan of the Enochites; of Pallu, the clan of the Palluites.
The entire Jewish nation was conceived in purity and inherited the sweetness of the Avot (Rashi, Yevamot 79a).
The letters he and yud were added to the names of each family (besides for the Yimnah family whose name already includes both these letters).
This was a way of Hashem Himself testifying that, contrary to any possible rumours, the lineage of the Jewish people was pure and not tainted by any possible illicit relations in Egypt as a way of Hashem testifying that despite what the nations of the world may say, the physical bondage by the Egyptians didn’t give them any power over their wives and the entire Jewish nation was born in purity.
The yud symbolises man (Ish) and the he symbolises woman (Ishah).
(Rashi, Midrash Shir Hashirim Rabbah 4:12, Sotah 17a, Gur Aryeh)
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