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August 12, 2018
Rabbi Eytan Yehudah Dzikowski
Which court has jurisdiction over which tribe?
שֹׁפְטִ֣ים וְשֹֽׁטְרִ֗ים תִּֽתֶּן־לְךָ֙ בְּכָל־שְׁעָרֶ֔יךָ אֲשֶׁ֨ר ה' אֱ--לֹהֶ֛יךָ נֹתֵ֥ן לְךָ֖ לִשְׁבָטֶ֑יךָ וְשָׁפְט֥וּ אֶת־הָעָ֖ם מִשְׁפַּט־צֶֽדֶק׃
You shall appoint for yourself, magistrates and officials for your tribes, in all the settlements that the LORD your God is giving you, and they shall govern the people with due justice.
From the juxtaposition of the words “LiShvatecha/your tribe” and “VeShaftu/you will judge” we learn that each tribe should be judged by its own courts and not in the courts of other tribes.
Some say that each tribe had only only court for the entire tribe.
(Sanhedrin 16b: Messivtah Note 25: Rabenu Yonah)
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Dedicated Today L'iluy nishmat Genendel Bat Yehudah
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